Disability and Geriatric Health: A Review

Main Article Content

Purnima Rastogi
Khwairakpam Sharmila


According to the Indian government's National Policy on Older Persons, a person is considered "elderly" or a "senior citizen" if they are 60 years of age or older. According to the WHO, India's old-age dependence ratio will increase from 9.8 to 20.3% by the year 2050. Disability in the elderly is a significant health indicator that indicates a deteriorated quality of life, because the relationship between disability and geriatric health is biologically defined. Nevertheless, ageing should not be equated with impairment because a significant portion of older adults enjoy good health. Several Indian studies have examined disability in the elderly population; however, their definitions of impairment vary widely, and they focus only on one element, specifically, the medical disability model. It is common knowledge that the phrase "disability and elderly" covers a wide range of conditions, each with its own set of needs, and should be explored as a much broader definition.

As the global population continues to age, geriatric health has become a key concern. Within this population, disability is a common issue, and it intersects with various aspects of geriatric health. Disability in geriatric populations can arise from a variety of factors, including chronic conditions, injuries, or genetic predisposition. In this paper, we will examine the correlation between disability and geriatric health, delving into the effects of disability on various aspects such as quality of life, functional status, and social support.

In conclusion, disability can have significant impacts on older adult health. The risk of developing chronic health conditions and subsequent cognitive impairment, falls, injuries, and depression is greatly increased among disabled older adults. Multifaceted interventions are needed to improve geriatric health in disabled individuals, including access to healthcare services, appropriate housing, and preventive measures.

Article Details

How to Cite
Rastogi, P. ., & Sharmila, K. . (2023). Disability and Geriatric Health: A Review. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 11(2), 102–106. Retrieved from https://jclmm.com/index.php/journal/article/view/918


Age-Friendly Practices Archive. Age-Friendly World. Retrieved from URL https://extranet.who.int/agefriendlyworld/afp/

Alam M. (2004). Ageing, old age income security and reforms: An exploration of Indian situation. Econ Polit Wkly 39, 3731-40.

Central S, Office. Situation Analysis of The Elderly in India. Available from: http://www.mospi.nic.in/mospi_new/upload/elderly_in_india.pdf.

Chakrabarty, D., Mandal, P., Manna, N., Mallik, S., Ghosh, P., Chatterjee, C., Sardar, J., Sau, M., & Roy, A. (2011). Functional disability and associated chronic conditions among geriatric populations in a rural community of India. Ghana Medical Journal, 44(4). https://doi.org/10.4314/gmj.v44i4.68913

Chandwani, H., Jivarajani, P. J., & Jivarajani, H. P. (2009). Health And Social Problems Of Geriatric Population In An Urban Setting Of Gujarat, India. The Internet Journal of Geriatrics and Gerontology, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.5580/27b7

Concessions and Facilities given to Senior Citizens - Care of Older Persons - Policies/Acts/Rules/Codes/Circulars - Social Defence: Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India. Available from: http://www.socialjustice.nic.in/consd.php.

Disabled| National Portal of India. Retrieved from URL https://www.india.gov.in/topics/social-development/disabled

Guralnik, J. M., Fried, L. P., & Salive, M. E. (1996). Disability as a Public Health Outcome in the Aging Population. Annual Review of Public Health, 17(1), 25–46. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pu.17.050196.000325

India Co. Elderly Popluation 2011 Census India. Available from: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/vital_statistics/SRS_Report/9Chap%202%20-%202011.pdf.

India′s Aging Population. Available from: http://www.prb.org/Publications/Reports/2012/india-older-population.aspx.

International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Retrieved from URL https://www.who.int/classifications/international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health

Karim, H. A. (1997). The elderly in Malaysia: demographic trends. The Medical Journal of Malaysia, 52(3), 206–212.

Kumar, S., Roy, G., & Kar, S. (2012). Disability and rehabilitation services in India: Issues and challenges. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 1(1), 69. https://doi.org/10.4103/2249-4863.94458

Mahajan, A., Ray, A. S., & Bloomberg, H. (2013). The Indian elder: factors affecting geriatric care in India. Global Journal of Medicine and Public Health.

Pandey, M. (2009). Poverty and Disability among Indian Elderly: Evidence from Household Survey. Research Papers in Economics. https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pas:asarcc:2009-10

Publications. UNFPA India. Retrieved from URL https://india.unfpa.org/en/publications

Quinn, M., Toms, H.,& Anderson, B.(2017). Utilizing telemedicine to enhance care for veterans with spinal cord injuries. Sage journals, 26,(1), 1-7.

Schemes/Programmes - Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities: Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India. Available from: http://www.socialjustice.nic.in/schemespro3.php#a1.

Shraddha, K., Prashantha, B., & Prakash, B. (2012). Study on morbidity pattern among elderly in urban population of Mysore, Karnataka, India. International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research, 1(3), 215–223. https://doi.org/10.14194/ijmbr.139

Tas, U., Verhagen, A. P., Bierma-Zeinstra, S. M. A., Odding, E., & Koes, B. W. (2007). Prognostic factors of disability in older people: a systematic review. British Journal of General Practice, 57(537), 319–323.

The Disabled Elderly and Their Use of Long-Term Care. Retrieved from URL https://www.aspe.hhs.gov/reports/disabled-elderly-their-use-long-term-care

WHO. Disability and Health. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs352/en/.

WHO. World Report on Disability. Available from: http://www.who.int/disabilities/world_report/2011/report.pdf.

World Health Organization. (2021). Disability and Health. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/disability-and-health