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Objective: This study sought to determine the morphological variations of balanoposthitis and how they related to the ultimate etiological diagnosis.
Methods: This retrospective analysis included 500 individuals with balanoposthitis in total. Patients' demographic details as well as clinical traits were noted. Using the proper statistical techniques, the relationship between the morphological forms and the ultimate etiological diagnosis was examined.
Results: Erythematous balanoposthitis was the most prevalent morphological type seen (45%), followed by erosive (22%), ulcerative (18%), pustular (12%), and lichenoid (3%) forms. While ulcerative and pustular forms demonstrated a predominance connection with bacterial pathogens, notably Staphylococcus aureus, erythematous and erosive forms were substantially related with Candida infections. Lichen sclerosus and atrophicus consistently showed a relationship with lichenoid balanoposthitis.
Conclusion: This study emphasizes the many morphological types of balanoposthitis and how they are related to particular etiological causes. For better patient results, a precise diagnosis and customized treatment plans based on the morphological form and etiological variables are essential.
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