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Introduction: Dental caries is considered to bear a multi-etiological basis wherein both environment and genetics play an important part. Dermatoglyphics is the "study of dermal ridge patterns volar surfaces of fingers, palms, and soles." Formation of ridges initiates in 13th week of prenatal life, while the formation of patterns is completed by 19th weeks of development. The formation of ridge is influenced by neurovascular bundles present between epidermis and dermis during prenatal development while the ridge patterns are influenced by inadequate oxygenation, unusual sweat gland distribution, and epidermal growth alterations. It was proposed that a link between dermatoglyphic and dental caries may be compared since dental caries may have a hereditary component.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case control study was carried out on 162 children visiting Paediatric Departments of Dental Colleges in Chennai City aged between of 6-14 years. The obtained data were subjected to statistical analysis using chi-square test. P value less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
RESULTS: The results showed that the mean DMFT index was 4.36±1.83. The most common type of finger print was plain loop and followed by plain whorl. The central pocket loop type of finger print had more caries prevalence when compared to others. The p value was 0.00 which was statistically significant.
CONCLUSION: The most common type of finger print was plain loop and followed by plain whorl. The central pocket loop type of finger print had more caries prevalence when compared to others.
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